Friday, April 21, 2017

Lit. Review #5


https://content.sakai.rutgers.edu/access/content/group/95e11eca-821d-4f19-8298-ed2cf342062c/Course%20Readings/When-College-Was-a-Public-Good.pdf

Carlson, Scott. “When College Was a Public Good.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, 27 Nov. 2016, www.chronicle.com/article/When-College-Was-a-Public-Good/238501. Accessed 3 Apr. 2017.

In Scott Carlson's article, "When College Was a Public Good", he speaks about what has happened since the GI Bill in this country: the fact that as the population is growing more diverse with each passing day, support for efforts to make higher education easy to attain has dwindled. All starting with Ronald Reagan, pell grant cuts and hikes in tuition have been the norm over the last 40 years. After cutting a billion dollars out of pell grants, Reagan made it so that working- and lower-middle-class families would be hit the hardest; in other words, Reagan specifically wanted to make it harder on minorities to receive higher education, the pathway to upward social mobility. All through out the article, there are quotes from other scholars and statistics that prove this to be true. It is not merely coincidence. Aside from the education arena, the status of welfare is also considered, with minorities having a harder time getting it in the first place. So not only do the less affluent have a harder time with receiving higher education, but if you are also a minority, it a double whammy.

"Scott Carlson, who joined The Chronicle of Higher Education in 1999, writes about a range of issues: college management and finance, the cost and value of higher education, buildings, campus planning, energy, architecture, and sustainability. He also contributes to ideas coverage in The Chronicle Review. A former technology reporter at the Chronicle, he hosted the Tech Therapy podcast from 2007 to 2010, and he also ran the Buildings & Grounds blog with Lawrence Biemiller. Before coming to The Chronicle, Carlson worked at the Star Tribune and City Pages, both in Minneapolis, and at City Paper in Baltimore, where he wrote about arts and culture. He has also written for national magazines like the Utne Reader and Dwell, and has been a contributor to Grist, a popular site for environmental news. He has been a speaker at conferences and colleges across the United States and in Canada, talking about libraries, architecture, and sustainability. In 2006, Carlson was awarded first prize for beat reporting from the National Education Writers Association for his work covering academic libraries.
He is a graduate of the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, where he studied English literature, with a concentration on contemporary literature and utopian/dystopian literature. In his spare time, he practices judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, grows vegetables organically, and tackles projects in his never-ending house renovation." -- The Chronicle of Higher Education
A key idea is the one I mentioned above: the fact that at a time where minorities are slowly becoming the majority, funding towards higher education has gone down, tuition has risen drastically, and higher education is slowly becoming privatized.
Another key idea is looking at what our politicians have done over the last 40 years, and realizing that it is not coincidence. Certain politicians want to keep America a private capitalist country, where the wealthy are already set up to succeed.
"By 2040 or earlier, America will be a majority-minority nation" (Carlson 13). 
"...the Reagan administration--with the help of conservative Southern Democrats--cut a billion dollars out of Pell Grants and other grant aid, shifting the emphasis of government support for higher education from taxpayer to bank-based federal loans" (Carlson 6).
"Public higher education has undergone a financial and conceptual shift: Once an investment covered mostly by the state to produce a work force and an informed citizenry, today it is more commonly shouldered by individuals and families, and described as a private benefit, a means to a credential and a job" (Carlson 9).
Being that this was one of the original articles given to us to read, it has been a great help in writing my paper as I agree with most of the points made by Carlson and the article fits in perfectly with my research, argument, and theory. 


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